The Perfect Tense Explained with Examples
The Perfect tense is a verb tense which shows action that has been completed before a specific time in the past, present, and in the future. Basically, the perfect tense emphasizes that an action has been completed at the time the statement is made.
The perfect tense has three aspects; they include present perfectOpens in new window, past perfectOpens in new window, and future perfectOpens in new window. These are formed by adding a helping verbOpens in new window to the past tenseOpens in new window or past participleOpens in new window of main verb. The chart below illustrates this:
|Present perfect||Past perfect||Future perfect|
|I||have eaten||had eaten||will have eaten|
|You||have eaten||had eaten||will have eaten|
|He/she/it||has eaten||had eaten||will have eaten|
|We||have eaten||had eaten||will have eaten|
|They||have eaten||had eaten||will have eaten|
The following is a brief discussion of the three aspects of perfect tense:
1. Present Perfect — The present perfectOpens in new window tense tells something about action that has completed in immediate past, or at the time the statement is made. Present perfect tense may also refer to habitual or repeated past action.
2. Past Perfect — The past perfectOpens in new window tense expresses action that was completed before another past action or time in the past.
3. Future Perfect — The future perfectOpens in new window tense shows that an action will have been completed before another action or a specific time in the future.