What Is Factitive Verb?
Factitive Verb is a form of transitive verbOpens in new window that takes both a direct objectOpens in new window and an object complementOpens in new window, the two of which are in appositionOpens in new window.
The most common factitive verbs are:
Factitive verbs are known to make something another thing, either by thought, word, or action.For example:
- He called his friend a fool.
- I consider it shameful to treat anyone in that way.
- In the first example friend and fool are in apposition, they refer to the same person.
- In the second example, it, and to treat, are in apposition. They refer to the same thing.
Consider also the following:
- She thinks Shakespeare a great poet.
- He considers that preposterous.
- He called the idea silly.
- Particularly in sentence 1, it is followed by two nouns (friend, and fool).
- In sentence 2, it is followed by an introductory it including an adjective “shameful”, and an infinitive “to treat,” put in apposition with it.
Generally, the first element that follows a factitive verb is the object of the factitive verb (usually a noun or pronoun).
The second element—a noun or an adjective—is what is called objective complementOpens in new window; without it the object would be incomplete.
In the following sentences the complements of the factitive verbs are written in bold:
- They appointed Sanders, accountant. (noun as complement)
- He found the bag empty. (adjective as complement)
- They named their dog, Rex. (noun as complement)
- She considers him faithful.
- He named his son, Williams.
- They are appointing Sanders, accountant.
- She is considering him faithful.
These verbs “appointing,” and “considering” and others in like manner have different meanings in the progressive aspect. They are not factitive verbs.