Understanding Compound Pronouns
Compound pronouns are pronouns formed by adding ever, so, soever to the relative pronouns who, which, and what.
The addition of the suffixes ever, so, soever (whoever, whosever, whichever, whatever, whatsoever) gives the meaning of totality.
The antecedents Opens in new window of compound pronouns are not usually expressed.Observe the examples below:
- Whoever comes can attend the meeting.
(meaning, any person who comes can attend the meeting. ‘Any person’ is the antecedent)
- Whosoever comes may join us. (meaning, Any and every person (antecedent) who comes may join us.)
- Whichever you find feasible you may accept. (meaning, any which)
- Whatever you say I shall do. (meaning, anything)
Note that whatsoever and whatever are interchangeable; they both mean not at all, anythingFor Example:
- Whatsoever you do I do not mind. (meaning, anything)
- Have you any doubt about your business? None whatsoever. (meaning, not at all)