What Is an Interjection?
Interjection, according to the erudite grammarian, J.C. NesfieldOpens in new window—quoted above, is merely an exclamatory sound, thrown into a sentence to denote some strong feeling or emotion.
Accordingly, interjection is said to be a word added to a sentence to convey emotion. It is not grammatically related to any other part of the sentence.
In the following sentences, the words marked in bold are interjections:
- Ouch, that hurt!
- Oh no, I forgot that the appointment was today.
- Hey! Put that down!
- I heard one guy say to another guy, “He has a new car, eh?”
- I don’t know about you but, good lord, I think taxes are too high!
The word interjection is derived from inter, (between), and jectus, (thrown); and is a brief exclamation to express some passion or sudden emotion of the writer or speaker.
Although only used in informal context, interjection helps speakers of English grammar to express feelings of excitement, shock, disappointment or any outburst of emotional expression.The following is true of exclamations:
- in writing, it is usually followed by a mark of exclamation, to signify such words as exclamation; as, Hush! Oh!
- verbs, adjective, and other parts of speech become interjections, when uttered as exclamations.
- the interjections govern no case, with the exception of O! and Ah! which sometimes govern the nominative and sometimes the objective.
- the interjection O should always be written with a capital; as, O me!
|Ha! Hey!||Signifying joy|
|O! oh! ah! alas!||Signifying grief|
|Fudge! pshaw! tut!||Signifying contempt|
|Heigh! really! strange!||Signifying wonder|
|Welcome! hail! all hail!||Signifying salutation|
|Lo! behold! look!||Signifying the calling of attention|
|Hush! hist! mum!||Signifying the call to be silent|
|Foh! fie! away!||Signifying aversion|
|Ha! ha! ha!||Signifying laughter|
|Oho! huzza! hurrah!||Signifying exultation|