Types of Adverb
Adverbs Overview and Examples
Adverbs may be subdivided into the following categories:
1. Adverbs of Manner
Adverbs of manner refer to the manner in which something is done or takes place. Some adverbs commonly used to express this are; “quickly,” “quietly,” “fast,” “slowly,” “immediately,” “simultaneously,” “loudly,” “angrily,” “carefully,” “eagerly,” “easily,” “energetically,” “happily,” “slowly,” “wistfully,” etc.Examples inlcude:
- They handled the job enthusiastically.
- She often does two things simultaneously.
- As soon as the bell rang, she went to the door immediately.
2. Adverbs of Degree
Adverbs of degree describe the degree to which something is done.
- These adverbs include “barely,” “completely,” “considerably,” “deeply,” “greatly,” “hardly,” “highly,” “immensely,” “partly,” “rather,” “strongly,” and “utterly”.
- She is considerably hungry for success.
- He was drunk and could hardly get his hands on the keys.
- Their performance was immensely brilliant.
Adverbs of degree are also amplifiers—a form of intensifiers— which can be used to intensify adjectives and other adverbs. See intensifiersOpens in new window
3. Adverbs of Time
Adverbs of time are words which describe the time when something is done.
- Examples of such words include: “always,” “currently,” “immediately,” “now,” “often,” “recently,” “tomorrow,” “frequently,” “then,” “soon,” “today,” etc.
- The event is starting now.
- She will visit tomorrow.
- They responded immediately.
- It is my lifestyle. I do this daily.
4. Adverbs of Place
Adverbs of place are words which describe the location where the action of the verb takes place.
- Examples of such words include: “there,” “here,” “anywhere,” “someplace,” “abroad”, “upstairs,” “nearby,” “nowhere,” “below,” “in,” “out,” “forward,” etc.
- She spent larger part of her life working there.
- He still comes here.
- It’s raining somewhere.
- He lives nearby.
5. Adverbs of Probability
Adverbs of probability describe the probability or likelihood of something to take place. Words such as “impossibly,” “surely,” “unlikely,” “probably,” “possibly,” “certainly,” etc are used in this expression.Examples include:
- He can’t possibly go back there after all the drama that happened.
- With too many players injured, victory is unlikely.
- She will probably listen to you.
6. Adverbs of Purpose
Adverbs of Purpose these are mostly infinitive phrases. They express the reason or the need of something being done.Examples include:
- Andy work out frequently to keep up in shape.
- She studies English grammar to improve her English.
- I’m studying harder to make good grades.
- Every morning she wakes up early to get the first bus to work.
- Faith prays every day to keep up with her tasks.
7. Adverbs of Frequency
Adverbs of Frequency tells the rate at which something is done.Examples include:
- He attends the Sunday service regularly.
- She comes to the office every day.
- He often practices piano.
- We rarely eat lunch together.
- I never go to bed before 11pm.
Phrases that Act as Adverbs
PhrasesOpens in new window can sometimes take the role of adverbs in English. Some of these include:
1. Adverbial clause
When a group of words which contains a subjectOpens in new window and a verbOpens in new window functions as adverb and modifies a verb in the sentence, it is known as adverbial clauseOpens in new window.
- When the class teacher comes, she will teach us a new topic.
- Andy seems so intelligent because he spent more time on studies.
2. Adverbial phrase
- After his team lost, he came home sitting in silence.
- I met an old-time friend last night.
3. Prepositional phrase
A prepositional phrase is a group of words which contains a prepositionOpens in new window and a nounOpens in new window or noun phraseOpens in new window functions as an adverb of timeOpens in new window, or adverb of placeOpens in new window to modify the verbOpens in new window.
- They went through the back door.
- She visits on weekends.
4. Infinitive phrase
An infinitive phrase is when a group of words that contains the infinitive toOpens in new window plus the base formOpens in new window of a verbOpens in new window either with or without a modifier or complement takes the role of adverb in a sentence.
- She hurried home to prepare dinner
- He came often on weekends to see us.