Breaking Down Instrumental Touch
Instrumental touch is typically one-sided, task-oriented, and has little if any personal meaning. It was termed “professional-functional” by Heslin and Alper (1983) and “task-related” by Jones and Yarbrough (2985).
Instrumental touch is so called because it helps people complete necessary tasks. When a doctor examines a patient, an usher guides people to their assigned seats, a teacher helps a student hold a pen properly, or a parent puts a child in a high chair, the touch is primarily task related.
Jones and Yarbrough noted that some task-related touches are helpful but not necessary in accomplishing a task (hand-to-hand contact when a cashier returns money to a customer), but other task-related touches are necessary to accomplish the task (helping a person put on a coat).
Edwards (1981) described several specific forms of instrumental touch.
1. Informal pickup
The kind of touches that is tasks-related such as taking a pulse or feeling someone’s forehead to see if he or she has a fever. Here touch is used to gain information.
Movement-facilitation touches involve giving someone a boost or carrying someone to safety, such as a firefighter carrying a child out of a burning building.
Prompting touches involve providing manual guidance in learning. A golf pro might use manual touch to help clients with their swings. Similarly, a preschool teacher might guide children’s hands as they learn to place blocks in a shape sorter.