Affirmative And Negative Sentences


A sentenceOpens in new window can be classified as to whether it states a fact or situation that is, or a fact or situation that is not.

    For example:
  • a)  India is a country in South Asia.
  • b)  She works at the bookstore.
  • c)  He liked to eat dumplings.
    For example:
  • a)  India is not a country in Europe.
  • b)  She does not work at the bookstore.
  • c)  He does not like to eat dumplings.

In English, an AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCE can be made negative by adding one of the two following negations:

Liam is a student.Liam is not/isn’t a student.
Kim can do it. Kim cannot/can’t do it.
You should go. You should not/shouldn’t go.
They will drink tea. They will not/won’t drink tea.
We read a lot.We do not/don’t read a lot.
Xochitl writes well. Xochitl does not/doesn’t write well.
The train arrived. The train did not/didn’t arrive.
Other Negative Words

In English there other negative words besides not. These negatives can function as either object or subject of the sentence.

The most common negative words are: nothing, nobody, no one, never. Nothing and no one (nobody) are often used as objectsOpens in new window or subjects Opens in new windowof a sentenceOpens in new window.

  • a)  I have nothing to give you.
  • b)  Before the exam he sees no one (nobody).
  • a)  Nothing is free.
  • b)  No one is going on vacation.