Affirmative And Negative Sentences
EXAMPLES OF AFFIRMATIVE AND NEGATIVE SENTENCES
A sentenceOpens in new window can be classified as to whether it states a fact or situation that is, or a fact or situation that is not.
- An AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCE states a fact or situation that is—it affirms the information.
- a) India is a country in South Asia.
- b) She works at the bookstore.
- c) He liked to eat dumplings.
- A NEGATIVE SENTENCE states a fact or situation that is not—it negates the information. It includes an element of negation.
- a) India is not a country in Europe.
- b) She does not work at the bookstore.
- c) He does not like to eat dumplings.
In English, an AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCE can be made negative by adding one of the two following negations:
- by adding not after some verbs
|Liam is a student.||Liam is not/isn’t a student.|
|Kim can do it.||Kim cannot/can’t do it.|
|You should go.||You should not/shouldn’t go.|
|They will drink tea.||They will not/won’t drink tea.|
- by adding do, does, or did + not to the base form of other verbs
|We read a lot.||We do not/don’t read a lot.|
|Xochitl writes well.||Xochitl does not/doesn’t write well.|
|The train arrived.||The train did not/didn’t arrive.|
In English there other negative words besides not. These negatives can function as either object or subject of the sentence.
The most common negative words are: nothing, nobody, no one, never. Nothing and no one (nobody) are often used as objectsOpens in new window or subjects Opens in new windowof a sentenceOpens in new window.
- object of the sentence
- a) I have nothing to give you.
- b) Before the exam he sees no one (nobody).
- subject of the sentence
- a) Nothing is free.
- b) No one is going on vacation.