An Introduction to Paragoge
Paragoge (also known as “proparalepsis,” and also by the epithet “final vowel insertion,” ; derives from the Greek, literally “a leading past” ) refers to the annexing of an expletive syllableOpens in new window to a word: as, “Johnny, for John;” “deary, for dear;” “withouten, for without.”
Paragoge is a kind of MetaplasmOpens in new window, and sometimes Dialects of SpanishOpens in new window add a final -ℯ (sporadically) to some words that end in -d : huéspede < huésped ‘guest’; rede < red ‘net’.Notable Example
- Addition of a final letter:
In Love's Labour's Lost Holofernes parodies this figure. Both “sore” and “sorel” named kinds of deer.
By adding an “L” [= 50 in Roman numerals] through paragoge, he makes “50” deer:
If sore be sore, then L to sore makes fifty sores o' sorel
— (Shakespeare, Love's Labour's Lost 4.2.59-61)