What is Exergasia?
Exergasia (also called Epexergasia) is a series of sentences or phrases, having all the same meaning, or implying the same thing; as, when we describe a beautiful woman, we say,
- She hath a winning countenance, a sparkling eye, an amiable presence, a cheerful aspect.
This Figure involves the repetition of the same thought, idea, or subject in different words by which form it is worked out, differently explained, and developed. Therefore, it resembles SynonymiaOpens in new window; but differs from it in that not merely synonymous words are repeated, but synonymous expressions or sense.
The latin term for exergasia is ‘expolitio’ meaning ‘a polishing up’, because by such repetition the meaning is embellished as well as strengthened and not merely explained or interpreted in subsequent repetitions. This occur in form of a repetition, so as to work out or illustrate what has been said.
Exergasia is sometimes called Epexergasia, i.e., the addition of the prefix ‘ep’ to the word exergasia and implies a working out upon. In which vein, words of the same signification are repeated to make clearer the previous statement: or to illustrate the sense of what has been mentiond earlier.