In ShakespeareanOpens in new window Julius CaesarOpens in new window, Mark Antony uses apostrophe when he turns from the assasins to address Caesar’s corpse:
- “That I did love thee, Caesar, O,’tis trueWith the correlation of this illustration, apostrophe consists in amplifying a speech with heightened vocal tone. In the same manner, as observed above, we may presume that CiceroOpens in new window made a fine pronouncement of apostrophe in his Oration for MiloOpens in new window, when, speaking of the death of ClodiusOpens in new window, as thus:
If then thy spirit look upon us now,
Shall it not grieve thee dearer than thy death
To see thy Antony making his peace
Shaking the bloody fingers of thy foes,
Most noble! In the presence of thy corpse?”
—(Julius Caesar 3.1.194).
- O ye judges! It was not by human counsel, nor by any thing less than the immediate care of the immortal gods, that this event has taken place. The very divinities themselves, who beheld that monster fall, seemed to be moved, and to have inflicted their vengeance upon him. I appeal to, I call to witness, you, O ye hills and groves of Alba! you, the demolished Alban stars! ever accounted holy by the Romans, and coёval with our religion, but which Clodius, in his mad fury, having first cut down and deveiled the most sacred groves, had sunk under heaps of common buildings; I appeal to you, I call you to witness, whether your altars, your divinities, your powers, which he had polluted with all kinds of wickedness, did not avenge themselves when this wretch was extirpated? And thou, O holy Jupiter! from the height of thy sacred mount, whose lakes, groves, and boundaries, he had so often contaminated with his detestable impurities; - and you, the other deities, whom he had insulted, at length opened your eyes to punish this enormous offender. By you, by you, and in your sight, was the slow, but the righteous and merited vengeance executed upon him.In pronouncing this passage, it is required that the speaker must raise his voice at I appeal, &c. and, with a force and rapidity bordering on enthusiasm, continue the voice in this pitch till the invocation of JupiterOpens in new window, who, as the supreme being, is supposed to be present, and to be too sacred to be addressed with the same violence as inanimate objects; for which reason the speaker must lower his voice into a solemn monotoneOpens in new window, and continue in his lower tone with increasing force to the end.