An Introduction to Paromoiosis
Paromoiosis (derives from Greek combination para, “beside” and homoiosis, “likeness”), refers to the parallelismOpens in new window in sound produced when each clauseOpens in new window shares similar sound in the final syllablesOpens in new window of words. This must be either at the beginning, or at the end where it is equivalent to homoioteleutonOpens in new window.
At the beginning, the similarity almost always occurs between whole words as thus:
- “swayed by gifts, waylaid by words”;
whereas at the end, it may be in the final syllables of words, or inflexions of the same word, or in the repetition of the same word, as:
- “What city have they ever taken, to equal their own which they have forsaken?”
The last example is also presented by Aristotle; looking closely, you might notice the charming effect occasioned by the impression of paromoiosis on the clauses. By ending both clauses with the same word he attains a certain level of charm. However, if we leave out the word “great” in the second clause, we risk losing hold of this charm.