An Introduction to Epiphonema

Epiphonema (derives from Greek combination ‘epi’ “upon”, and ‘phonein’ “to speak”), may be described as an added exclamation or speech in form of a succinct summary containing great sense served at the end of a discourse.

This figure is oft-times constructed in form of climaxOpens in new window to embellish the preceded thoughts.

Epiphonema makes the final clause Opens in new window of a sentence Opens in new window with which it contains a pressing and lively reflection upon the preceded subject.

Notable Examples of Epiphonema
  • Kiss his son, or he will be angry
    and your way will lead to your destruction,
    for his wrath can flare up in a moment.
    Blessed are all who take refuge in him.
  • — Psalm 2:12.
    Another example exists in Psalm 14 of which the summary is added in verse 7 (last verse) as thus:
  • Oh, that salvation for Israel would come out of Zion!
    when the Lord restores his people, let Jacob rejoice and Israel be glad!
  • — Psalm 2:12

In sum, epiphonema is a succinct summary usually in form of exclamation containing some great sense, embedded at the end of a discourse. It is the last touch by which the author attempts to excite the audience with a forceful and lively reflection upon the subject of the discourse. It may be imperative to add that this study conclusion is an instance of epiphonema.

Further Readings:
Silva Rhetoricae, Figures | Epiphonema Opens in new window
Quintilian 8.5.11.