Epiphonema: Definition and Examples

Epiphonema (derives from Greek combination ‘epi’ “upon”, and ‘phonein’ “to speak”), may be described as an added exclamation or speech in form of a succinct summary containing great sense served at the end of a discourse.

This figure is oft-times constructed in form of climaxOpens in new window to embellish the preceded thoughts.

Epiphonema makes the final clause Opens in new window of a sentence Opens in new window with which it contains a pressing and lively reflection upon the preceded subject.

Notable Examples of Epiphonema

  1. Kiss his son, or he will be angry
    and your way will lead to your destruction,
    for his wrath can flare up in a moment.
    Blessed are all who take refuge in him.

    Psalm 2:12.

Another example exists in Psalm 14 of which the summary is added in verse 7 (last verse) as thus:

  1. Oh, that salvation for Israel would come out of Zion!
    when the Lord restores his people, let Jacob rejoice and Israel be glad!

    Psalm 2:12.

In sum, epiphonema is a succinct summary usually in form of exclamation containing some great sense, embedded at the end of a discourse. It is the last touch by which the author attempts to excite the audience with a forceful and lively reflection upon the subject of the discourse. It may be imperative to add that this study conclusion is an instance of epiphonema.

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