An Introduction to Epexegesis

Epexegesis (derives from Greek, literally “additional words”), is a figure which consists in the presentation of a second logical, and subordinate element on equal footing, paratactically with the first element. The second element usually serves to clarify the first.

In an epexegetical expression, one thing is spoken of in more than one aspect, and, hence, under more than one term.

    For example,
  • “God and our Father,” which means: “God, that is to say, our Father.”

In the example above, we have quoted: “God and our Father,” which means: That Being who is God, as to his nature, and Father, as to his relation to us, God essentially, and Father relatively; in a word, both God and Father. It does not make the term God metaphorical, and the term Father the literal substitute for it.