An Introduction to Enallage
Enallage (derives from Greek signifying “commutation” , “change” , or “exchange”), is a figure of speech which prevails in the form of a word play; as when a part of speech or a particular modification is exchanged for another. In general sense, it is a substitution of one tenseOpens in new window, numberOpens in new window, or personOpens in new window for another (tense, number, or person). Sometimes it could involve a change of a particular caseOpens in new window, genderOpens in new window, or moodOpens in new window for another. (Lanham p.40)
Enallage differs from MetonymyOpens in new window (the exchange of one noun for another noun). However, while Enallage involves AnthimeriaOpens in new window (a change of one part of speech for another); or HeterosisOpens in new window (a substitution of one tense, mood, person, or number for another); and AntiptosisOpens in new window (changing one case for another); it certainly does not exchange one noun for another noun.
Examples Showing Different Ways of Using Enallage
There are specific methods of using enallage to achieve varying expressions by switching terms that are equivalent in meaning, as follows:
However, later in the discourse Limhi shifted to the third person when addressing his people:
One possible reason why Limhi performed this second-person to third-person pronoun shifting was to create distance between his people and their actions, allowing them to become objective observers of their own behavior.