Breaking Down Consonance
Consonance (derives from Latin, literally means “to harmonize”), is the literary scheme for repetition of the final and identical consonants in adjacent words whose preceding vowel sounds are different.
- √ words such as sing – rang, won – ran, dash – fish, laugh – tough, add – read,
- √ phrases like odds and ends, first and last, a stroke of luck, etc.
It is a common thing to find consonance in poems, prose, slogans and newspaper headings. As a matter of fact, consonance is often employed together with other figures of speech as shown in the following examples.
In this example, both consonance and alliteration are employed: [l] as in all, will and skill – consonance;
[m] as in most, matters, more and military – alliteration.
here, [ z ] and [ ai ] in agonize and organize – are consonance as well as assonance.
here also; [ z ] and [ α: ] as in farms and arms – these are both consonance, and assonance.
The employment of all these figures at the same time can make a speech or writing more rhythmic and more appealing. More examples below:
In the above lines, ( [ w ] in wagon and wheels are – alliteration; whereas, [ z ] in wheels, rails, and metals is – consonance).
( [ t ] in Tokyo and Toledo and [ s ]as in see and seize – alliteration; [ z ] as in sees and seizes – consonance; [ i: ] as in see and seize – alliteration; [ z ] as in sees and seizes - consonance; [ əu ] as Tokyo and Toledo – assonance )