An Introduction Anaphora
Anaphora (derives from Greek ‘ana’ “again,” and ‘phero’ literally means “to bring or carry back”), is the repetition of adjacent words at the beginning of the next clauses in a sentence. This is in contrast to Epistrophe (or epiphora) — a figure whose words are repeated at the end of clauses Opens in new window.
Sometimes, there exists a combination of 'Anaphora' and 'EpistropheOpens in new window' which results in 'SymploceOpens in new window'. Anaphora is said to occur when the speaker repeats the same words at the start of successive sentences or clauses, purposely to emphasize a point. Observe the bold faced words, in construction below:
- “We shall not flag or fail. We shall go on to the end. We shall fight in France, we shall fight on the seas and oceans, we shall fight with growing confidence and growing strength in the air, we shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be, we shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills. We shall never surrender.”— Winston Churchill
The following examples are excerpts from the iconic speeches of our heroes past:
Importance of Anaphora
Anaphora serves the purpose to recall the same words mainly to create a hammering effect; the repeated language is certain to be noticed, likely to be remembered, and easily conveys strong feeling. Anaphora also serves to heighten the contrast between affirmative and negative constructions when they are mixed.
Anaphora is an important device for writers and orators, for use to achieve emphasis while passing information across to the audience. In addition to emphasizing ideas, anaphora also adds rhythmic pattern and artistic effect and make the work quite interesting, and appealing to the audience to excite their interest to read on, and on and comprehend the message within.